Current affair 19 Sept 2018

UPSC👇

●Defence Acquisition Council (DAC);

↪to counter corruption & speed up decision- making in military procurement
•DAC has approved procurement of⤵
1)Akash Missile Systems=upgraded, 360 dgree range.
2)Individual Under Water Breathing Apparatus (IUWBA)(by DRDO)↪for Development of T 90 Tanks—IUWBA is used by the crew of Tanks as a safety gear and is required by the Tank crew for emergency escape when negotiating water obstacles while deep fording.

●‘e-Sahaj’ portal;-{under Mo Home Affair}

>for granting of Security Clearance(for license, contract etc.)
↪portal will facilitate an applicant to submit application online & also to view the status of his application

UPSC AND MPSC👇

●zonal councils;-{statutory bodies}

they are only deliberative & advisory bodies.(to promote interstate cooperation and coordination)

•Union Home Minister(Chairman)

●International Telecommunication Union (ITU);-{founded in 1865}>has announced that it will establish its South Asia Area Office and Technology Innovation Centre at New Delhi.
↪Is an agency of United Nations (UN) to coordinate telecommunication operations & services throughout the world
•Members↪193 including all UN member states(except Republic of Palau,& Vatican City)

●Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY);-↪Providing financial support to farmers suffering crop loss/damage arising out of unforeseen events
•Modified guidelines⤵
o penalties on insurance companies- for the delay of settlement of insurance claims
°Included perennial horticultural crops in the scheme.
o insurance companies are given a target of enrolling 10% more non-loanee farmers
°add on coverage for crop loss due to attack of wild animals
°Aadhaar number will be mandatorily etc.
o insurance companies will have to mandatorily spend 0.5% of gross premium per company per season for publicity and awareness of the scheme.

• World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)-

UN body(member-158 countries
>responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
>7th UNWTO Global Summit on Urban Tourism is being held in Seoul, capital of South Korea.

●Pluto a planet again!

↪Pluto was discovered in 1930,(as 9th planet)
•In 2006, International Astronomical Union (IAU) laid down three conditions that must be fulfilled for a celestial body to be termed as a planet⤵
1)It must be round 🙋
2) it must orbit the sun
3) it must have “cleared neighbourhood” of its orbit.
And Pluto was rejected as a planet[Pluto shares its orbit with frozen gases & objects in Kuiper belt] ↪Scientists are arguing that denying Pluto planetary status is invalid & erroneous [planet doesn’t have any support in research literature on which basis Pluto was rejected] •Pluto has 5 known moons,(‘Charon’ is the largest)

Courtesy—insights Hemant Satwaliya

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